Pain Research and Treatment / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Knowledge on Nonpharmacological Methods of Pain Management among Nurses at Bindura Hospital, Zimbabwe

Table 2

Knowledge on nonpharmacological pain management techniques (n=75).


The following are nonpharmacological therapies
 Heat and cold therapies7093.356.700
 Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation5776121668
Pain Therapies
 Contain no side effects42562026.71317.3
 Do not replace pharmacological therapy42562533.3810.7
 Can be used as palliation1925.33546.72128
 Have different modes of action4762.6810.72026.7
 Relieves pain by altering pain perception5573.3810.71216
With Relaxation Techniques
 Heart rate increases3242.733441013.3
 Respirations decreases3850.72330.71418.6
 Blood pressure increases1925.345601114.7
 Muscle spasms decreases54721013.31114.7

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