Values for body mass, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-height ratio represent mean (SD) and were analysed using linear mixed models adjusted for age and sex. Values for central obesity represent frequency (%) and were analysed using chi-square tests. ES, effect size (body mass, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-height ratio); OR, odds ratio (central obesity). aModel 1: additive genotype model (AA versus AT versus TT). bCentral obesity was defined as a waist circumference > 88 cm for women and > 102 cm for men.