Journal of Environmental and Public Health / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Preliminary Study on the Skin Lightening Practice and Health Symptoms among Female Students in Malaysia

Table 2

The skin lightening practice among female students ().

VariablesUndergraduate ()
(%)
Postgraduate ()
(%)
Total ()
(%)

Types of products used Facial cleanser31 (79.5)20 (83.3)51 (81)
Facial mask5 (12.8)6 (25)11 (17.5)
Facial moisturizer16 (41)11 (45.8)27 (39.7)
Antiaging3 (7.7)4 (16.7)7 (11.1)
Toner9 (48.7)5 (20.8)14 (22.2)
Others (sunblock, serum)2 (5.1)1 (4.2)3 (4.8)

Factors considered during purchasing Advertisement10 (25.6)7 (29.2)17 (27)
Friend recommendation10 (25.6)9 (37.5)19 (30.2)
Ingredient used18 (46.2)11 (45.8)29 (46)
Reasonable price23 (59)12 (50)35 (55.6)
Brand influence7 (17.9)7 (29.2)14 (22.2)
Effective within the short period of application9 (23.1)6 (25)15 (23.8)
Halal certification3 (7.7)3 (12.5)6 (9.5)

Products preferred Local13 (33.3)8 (33.3)21 (33)
International12 (30.8)10 (41.7)22 (35)
Neither of them14 (35.9)6 (25)20 (32)

Price <RM 3022 (56.4)6 (25)28 (44.4)
RM 30–RM 6014 (35.9)11 (45.8)25 (39.7)
>RM 603 (7.7)7 (29.2)10 (15.9)

Checking the ingredient Yes33 (84.6)20 (83.3)53 (84.1)
No6 (15.4)4 (16.7)10 (15.9)

Products satisfactionSatisfied21 (53.8)14 (58.3)35 (55.6)
Not satisfied18 (46.2)10 (41.7)28 (44.4)

Point of purchaseDepartment store 11 (28.2)8 (33.3)19 (30.2)
Specialty beauty store4 (10.3)8 (33.3) 12 (9)
Drugstore24 (61.5)15 (62.5)39 (61.9)
Online3 (7.7)5 (20.8)8 (12.7)
Convenience shop8 (20.5)4 (16.7)12 (19)

Note: person who answers with “Yes” to skin lightening product use.

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