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International Journal of Aerospace Engineering serves the international aerospace engineering community through the dissemination of scientific knowledge on practical engineering and design methodologies pertaining to aircraft and space vehicles.
Chief Editor, Professor Zhao, is based at the University of Canterbury and his research interests include applying theoretical, numerical and experimental approaches to study combustion instability, thermoacoustics and aerodynamics.
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Development of Real-Time Maneuver Library Generation Technique for Implementing Tactical Maneuvers of Fixed-Wing Aircraft
This study develops the real-time maneuver library generation technique for performing aggressive maneuvers of fixed-wing aircraft. Firstly, the general maneuver libraries are defined, and then 7th-order polynomials are used to create the maneuver libraries. The attitude command attitude hold (ACAH) system, the rate command rate hold (RCRH) system, and the speed command speed hold (SCSH) system using the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control technique are designed to minimize the complexity of the flight control system (FCS) and to reduce the weight and volume of the payload. Moreover, the FCS is used for implementing tactical maneuvers. Finally, flight simulations are implemented for the longitudinal loop and Immelmann-turn maneuvers to check the usefulness of the proposed maneuver library generation technique. This study can affect the development of flight techniques for aircraft tactical maneuvers and the modification of air force operational manuals.
Trajectory Tracking Control Study of a New Parallel Mechanism with Redundant Actuation
Parallel mechanisms with redundant actuation are attracting numerous scholars’ research interest due to their inherent advantages. In this paper, an efficient trajectory tracking control scheme for the new redundantly actuated parallel mechanism by integrating force/position hybrid control with the combination of inertia feed-forward control and back propagation (BP) neural network PID control is proposed. The dynamic models including the joint space and task space are formulated explicitly in efficient and compact form by means of the principle of virtual work and d’Alembert formulations. The force/position hybrid control is implemented to perform trajectory tracking and optimize the driving force configuration in MATLAB/Simulink environment, before being applied to an actual parallel mechanism. The illustrative simulation results demonstrate that the force/position hybrid control scheme is available to provide good trajectory tracking performance. Simultaneously, the feasibility of the proposed control scheme is verified by comparison analysis with the aforementioned conventional control method.
Foreign Object Damage Performance and Constitutive Modeling of Titanium Alloy Blade
Foreign object damage (FOD) to fan blades has been identified as one of the main factors affecting the safety of aeroengine operation. Numerical simulations are an important means of studying FOD, but the selection of the material’s parameters in modeling is a key problem. In this work, a FOD test was carried out with titanium alloy blades as the sample, and the damage types suffered by the blades subjected to impacts from foreign objects under different conditions are obtained. A blade material test was carried out to obtain its parameters in terms of the Johnson-Cook material model, and finite element models of the impacting foreign objects are constructed. When comparing the test results with the simulated results, excellent correlation between them is found.
Numerical and Experimental Failure Analysis of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Based Pyrotechnic Separation Device
Current pyrotechnic separation devices are mainly made of metal materials, limiting the capacity of lightweight design in advanced launching vehicles. With the outstanding mechanical properties, such as high mass-specific strength and modulus, carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRPs) have the potential to replace metal materials in pyrotechnic seperaton devices. However, to improve the seperation reliability of these pyrotechnic separation devices, there still needs further understanding on the the failure mode of CFRP composites under linear shaped charge (LSC). In this paper, cutting tests were carried out on CFRPs for the failure analysis of CFRPs under LSC, and nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) was performed to characterize the evolution of LSC cutting in CFRPs. According to experimental simulation and numerical simulation, it can be found that the three main failure modes in CERPs while subjected to LSC jet are shear failure, delamination failure, and tensile failure. In the early cutting stage, the initial time of damage of the fiber and the matrix near the shaped charge shows less difference and the laminate is directly separated by the energy of high-speed jet. When the jet velocity decreases, the jet morphology collapses and matrix damages precede into the fiber, which would cause tensile failure mode of CFRPs. Meanwhile, the delamination in low jet speed stages is larger than that in the high jet speed stages. These studies on the failure modes of CFRPs under LSC provide important basis for the future design of CFRP-based pyrotechnic separation devices, which is important to the lightweight design of launching vehicles.
Microservice-Based Platform for Space Situational Awareness Data Analytics
The development, deployment, and maintenance of the current space situational awareness (SSA) information system have become increasingly complex. However, researchers cannot flexibly and conveniently apply the research results to practical applications due to the lack of basic research platforms for SSA. Inspired by X as a Service (XaaS), we propose the microservice-based platform for SSA data analytics to provide a scaffold-like platform for researchers. Based on microservice, the architecture for this platform is proposed to meet the requirements of flexible development and loosely coupled deployment. To facilitate the use of the platform, the hybrid data service layer is established to provide basic data for research and the functional service layer is designed to provide services for clients and applications. Due to the massive data processing requirements, the data analysis architecture and processing model, which can easily integrate various user-defined algorithms and significantly improve the computational efficiency, are proposed based on the Lambda architecture. To verify the platform’s effectiveness, two cases are established and implemented. The results show that this platform can provide a convenient, flexible, and efficient platform for the requirements of algorithm integration, experiment, and data display from users and researchers.
Buckling Instability of Flexible Joint under High Pressure in Solid Rocket Motor
Deflection torque decrease of flexible joint under increasing pressure was normally attributed to the changing shear stress and has not been carefully resolved, which was far from convincing. To systematically investigate the mechanism, the structure characteristics of the flexible joint were analysed under different pressures. It was found that the decrease in deflection torque of the flexible joint was mainly due to the buckling response when it bears the deflection and pressure at the same time. The Riks method was utilized in this paper with the simulation of the buckling process of the flexible joint by ABAQUS. The static Riks method and general method were applied, respectively, to simulate the different pressurization processes at different pre-angles to obtain the rules of swing angle changing with pressure. The spring torque under various pressures was obtained and had a good coherence with the test results. For industrial applications, the concept of container pressure torque and its formula were proposed in this study, which was demonstrated to be of high accuracy. The simulation method and conclusions in this paper will definitely provide the beneficial reference to the design of the flexible joint in high-pressure working environment.