Soil Metals and Ectomycorrhizal Fungi Associated with American Chestnut Hybrids as Reclamation Trees on Formerly Coal Mined Land
Eight-year-old chestnut trees (tree types pooled) compared by three ECM categories: those with <25% ECM root colonization (), colonization greater than 25% with black hyphae and sheaths (), and colonization greater than 25% with white hyphae and fungal sheaths (). Error bars are ±1 standard error and different letters indicate statistical differences at 0.05.
ECM morphological categories
Mean % ECM colonization
% ECM range
Chestnut tree height (cm)
>25% black morphology
>25% white morphology
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