Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Effect of Astaxanthin Supplementation on Salivary IgA, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation in Young Soccer Players

Table 3

Oxidative stress status of the soccer players at baseline and after 90 days of supplementation.

AstaxanthinPlaceboANOVA
Before supplementationAfter supplementationBefore supplementationAfter supplementation T ST × S

TAS (mmolTrolox equiv./L)0.551 ± 0.0360.538 ± 0.0290.532 ± 0.0390.585 ± 0.031nsnsns
TOS (mmol/L)15.4 ± 1.55.0 ± 0.516.8 ± 1.65.1 ± 0.5<0.001nsns
PAB (HK U)479.1 ± 45.4291.5 ± 33.3338.9 ± 48.8258.9 ± 35.8<0.001 ns<0.05

Values are expressed as mean ± SE. ANOVA: T-training, S-supplementation, and T × S-training and supplementation interaction effect.
The difference in relation to baseline was significant at ().

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