Advances in Civil Engineering / 2010 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Potential of Nonlinear Ultrasonic Indicators for Nondestructive Testing of Concrete

Table 1

Third order elastic constants and nonlinear parameter determined for concrete and some other materials from literature.

 (GPa)  (GPa)  (GPa)

Iron [10, 15]−348−1 0301 100−7.3
Pyrex glass [10, 15]14924204.4
Granite [15, 16]−3 371−6 742−6 600−441
Sandstone [15, 16]−97 800−99 400−84 900−9 600
Concrete from [17] −139
Concrete (present)−3 007 2.8%−2 283 1.2%−1 813 3.4%−157 1.9%

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